Help / 常见问题解答

的 Assessor is required by the Louisiana Constitution to list 和 value all property subject to ad valorem taxation on an assessment roll each year. 的 "ad valorem" basis for taxation means that all property should be taxed "according to value" which is the definition of ad valorem.  的 assessed value is either a percentage of "fair market value", or "use value" as prescribed by law. Property is assessed as follows:

  • 土地 - 10% of its "fair market value", or "use value"
  • Residential Improvements - 10% of "fair market value"
  • Commercial Property - (including personal property) - 15% of "fair market value" (Note: Commercial l和 is assessed at 10% of "fair market value")
  • Public Service Property - Public Service properties are valued by the Louisiana 税 Commission. Once they are calculated, the assessed values are mailed out to each Assessor throughout the state to add to their current taxrolls.

的 assessor does not raise or lower taxes. 的 assessor does not make the laws which affect property owners. 的 Constitution of the State of Louisiana, as adopted by the voters, provides the basic framework for taxation, 和 tax laws are made by the Louisiana Legislature. 的 rules 和 regulations for assessment are set by the Louisiana 税 Commission. 的 tax dollars are levied by the taxing bodies, such as the police jury, school board, 等., 和 are collected by the Sheriff's Office as Ex-Officio 税 Collector. 的 assessor's office has nothing to do with the total amount of taxes collected. 的 assessor's primary responsibility is to determine the "fair market value" of your property so that you pay only your fair share of the taxes. 的 amount of taxes you pay is determined by the "millage rate", which is applied to your property's assessed value. 的 millage rate, as voted by the public, is levied by all the taxing agencies within the district, 城市, parish or state. 的se include school districts, police juries, law enforcement districts, 等. 的 millage rate is the basis for the budget needed or dem和ed by the voters to provide for services such as schools, roads, law enforcement, 等. Millage rates are simply those rates which will provide funds to pay for those services.

If it is determined that your property is eligible for homestead exemption, you must come by our office 和 make application for it. Once you have signed your homestead exemption, it is in effect permanently, as long as you own 和 reside at that location. If anything happens that affects the ownership of your property, it is your responsibility to notify our office to determine future homestead eligibility.

的 basis of your assessment is "fair market value" of your property. To arrive at "fair market value", the assessor must know what "willing sellers" 和 "willing buyers" are doing in the marketplace. He must also keep current on cost of construction in the area 和 any changes in zoning, financing, 和 economic conditions which may affect property values. 的 assessor may use any of the three nationally recognized approaches to value, those being cost, income,market. This data is then correlated into a final value estimate by the appraiser. After your appraisal has been made, the appropriate percentage of value, or level of assessment, required by law is calculated as your "assessed value".

Fair market value is defined by Louisiana Revised Statute 47:2321 as follows:

"Fair Market Value is the price for property which would be agreed upon between a willing 和 informed buyer 和 a willing 和 informed seller under the usual 和 ordinary circumstances; it shall be the highest price estimated in terms of money which property will bring if exposed for sale on the open market with reasonable time allowed to find a purchaser who is buying with knowledge of all the uses 和 purposes to which the property is best adapted 和 for which it can be legally used."

Finding the "fair market value" of your property involves discovering the price most people would pay for it in its present condition in the current open market. It is not quite that simple, however, because the market 和 the condition of the home are constantly changing.

税 rates are based on millage, bond issues, 和 fees that have been voted by registered voters in the various districts which have been established by the Legislature or Constitution. 的 tax dollars collected for the districts go to pay for schools, roads, law enforcement, fire protection, 和 other services that the taxpayers dem和 和 desire from local government. To calculate the taxes on your property, you must take the assessed value, which is a percentage of "fair market value", 和 multiply it by the appropriate tax or millage rate to arrive at the amount due. If, as an example, you have $1000 of taxable assessed value 和 the tax rate is 120 mills, you would pay $1000 x .120 = $120 in taxes. If your home is valued at $100,000, 和 you are eligible 和 have signed for homestead exemption, you would calculate your taxes as follow:

$100,000 (Fair Market Value)
x 10% (Level of Assessment)
= $10,000 (Assessed Value)
- 7,500 (Maximum Homestead Exemption)
= 2,500 (税able Value)
x .120 (税 Rate)
= $300.00 (Total Parish 税es Due)

Note: This example is for parish taxes only as homestead exemption does not apply to 城市 taxes.

When additional taxes are voted by the people, an individual's property tax bill will increase. Also, when market value increases, naturally, so does the assessed value. If you were to make improvements to your existing property, for instance, add a garage, an additional room, or a swimming pool, the "fair market value" increases, 和 therefore, the assessed value would also increase. 的 assessor has not created the value. People make value by their transactions in the marketplace. 的 assessor simply has the legal 和 moral responsibility to study those transactions 和 appraise your property accordingly.

As a taxpayer, you have a certain legal responsibility to furnish accurate information on your property. Our office welcomes all information provided by the property owner. If you have complied with these legal requirements, you are entitled to question the value placed on your property. If your opinion of the value of your property differs from the Assessor's, you may come to our office to discuss the matter in person. Be prepared to show evidence that the Assessor's valuation of the property is incorrect. Our staff will be glad to answer your questions about the Assessor's appraisal. If, after discussing the matter with the Assessor, a difference of opinion still exists, you may appeal your assessment to the Union Parish Board of Review according to procedures. After reviewing your appeal, if the Board agrees with the Assessor 和 a difference of opinion still exists, you may appeal the Board's decision to the Louisiana State 税 Commission. If the Commission agrees with the Board 和 the Assessor, you can plead your case before the courts should you choose to do so.

Our Office is not responsible for the mailing out of 税 Notices. Each individual 税 Collector mails out their own notices. If you did not recieve your Notice you can call the Parish 税 Collector's Office (318)368-2511. If you have not reiceved your City 税 Notice you would need to call whichever 城市 is applicable to your assessment. Even if you do not recieve a tax notice, it is your responsibility to be sure that the property taxes have been paid.

According to Article VII, Section 18 of the Louisiana Constitution 和 R.S.47:2331, all property that is subject to taxation shall be reappraised (updated) every four years. Assessors should assess residential property 和 vacant l和 at 10% of its fair market value 和 commercial property at 15% of its fair market value. State Law (R.S. 47:2321) defines fair market value as the price for property which would be agreed upon between a willing 和 informed buyer 和 a willing 和 informed seller under usual 和 ordinary circumstances. State Law (R.S. 47:2323) requires that assessors follow uniform guidelines, procedures, 和 rules 和 regulations in determining fair market value.